Family court proceedings in Austria take place before the court of first instance. These are public, adversarial proceedings that require the parties to appear in person. The task of the courts is to persuade the parties to reach an agreement that facilitates faster and more effective resolution of the dispute, without incurring the costs of the proceedings.
Family courts are established to hear matters relating to marriages and civil partnerships, which include divorces, declarations of nullity of marriage, alimony matters, child custody, establishing or denying paternity, as well as adoption matters. In family law cases, the parties are exempt from the costs of court proceedings. An institution was also established to provide assistance to the family court in proceedings. It is usually performed by a psychologist, educator or other person designated for this purpose.
Additionally, on the above issues, the court provides free legal advice directly in the building of the court competent for the case. They are provided by lawyers and psychologists for people who are in a new life situation. These tips are free, confidential and anonymous.