In Western countries, including the USA, over the last several decades we have experienced an intense time of cultural and social changes. The level of women’s professional activity and their economic independence have increased significantly. This contributed to a change in the dynamics of marital relationships and the perception of the family institution. At the same time, access to divorce procedures has become somewhat easier, and society has stopped stigmatizing spouses who have decided to divorce. Their result was the need to pursue a legislative policy that would facilitate the determination of child custody after the breakdown of a relationship.
In the United States, family law is regulated at the state level. Proper regulation ensures the well-being of children and helps maintain proper child-parent relationships. At the beginning, these regulations were mainly that the mother should take care of the child. Currently, the most important thing is to secure and protect children’s rights.
The above expert opinion by Ms. Kamila Groszkowska concerns the legal aspects of establishing parental care after the breakdown of a relationship. They concern federal solutions, but also differences in this respect between states. The author defines the forms of care, the mechanisms of parental care arrangements and the organization of shared care. Issues relating to evasion of parental responsibilities or failure to comply with care arrangements were also raised here.