In Russia, disputes related to raising children are understood as family conflicts, legally related to the implementation of the child’s right to be raised in a family. Most of these disputes are resolved by their participants without institutional interference. Only some of them require the assistance of external entities, which include public authorities, including courts. These issues are dealt with by the civil courts due to the importance of resolving matters that affect the well-being or rights of a person’s parents or guardians. In some proceedings, the participation of the prosecutor, as well as the guardianship or probation authority, is envisaged. Such cases are exempt from court fees. They are based on guaranteeing the well-being of the child as a constitutional value.