The institution of mediation in France was established in the 1990s. Since then, it has been a valued way to resolve disputes, but also to improve business relationships. It can prevent lengthy and time-consuming court proceedings. In France, we have two types of mediation: judicial and contractual. It is ordered by a court or based on an agreement, but in both cases the consent of the parties is required.
Mediation ordered by the court is subject to more stringent legal regulations and also applies to family and criminal cases. In the latter case, it may be offered to compensate the damage caused to the victim. In this case, however, the consent of the injured party is required.
A mediator is a third person who acts on behalf of the parties to the dispute. In France, non-governmental organizations act as mediators.